Although anaphylaxis is life-threatening, deaths are rare(NHSCA)
Children who have had a previous severe reaction to an allergen, or who have asthma, are at particular risk of anaphylaxis.[SIM13]
Anaphylaxis can be caused by any allergen. This includes foods such as nuts (especially peanuts) sesame, fish, shellfish, dairy products, eggs & kiwi fruit. Other triggers are dust mites, pollen, pets, mould, latex, wasp or bee stings & medicines such as penicillin.
Symptoms of anaphylaxis can begin within minutes to an hour of exposure, but can also occur several hours after exposure. Symptoms can include:(SIM13)
Anaphylaxis should be treated with an adrenaline autoinjector followed by hospital care.
Your child’s doctor should consider providing you with an adrenaline autoinjector:
(NHSCA) NHS Choices: Anaphylaxis updated December 2014. Available here http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Anaphylaxis/Pages/Introduction.aspx Last accessed February 2015
(SIM13) Simmons FE. Patient information: Anaphylaxis symptoms and diagnosis (beyond the basics). In: UpToDate, Bochner, BS (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2013.